Hot Tub Heater Troubleshooting
Heaters are an extremely essential part of your hot tub. So when it comes to making sure the heater is working correctly, this is at the top of the to-do list. Check out some fixes and things to look for if your heater goes out.
First, Let’s Check and Test Your Heating Element...
If your heating element is in good shape, it should be between 4.0 and 5.5kw. Additionally, it should draw at least 15-25 amps at 240v, and have 9-12 ohms of resistance.
You can test your heater with any multi-meter and amp meter, or with an Ohm meter. Be sure to first take your heating elements out of circuit by disconnecting the leads from the heater terminals - this is the best and safest way to do the evaluation. Once that’s done...
- Place the meter on ohms at 1000
- Put your test leads on each terminal. As stated above, it needs to measure between 9-12 ohms (if it does, its a good element, if not, that’s why you’re on this page, so keep reading.)
- Test for voltage by using the amp meter, and use those test leads to measure the amp draw.
- If there is an excessive amp draw, that means that the heating element is in fact bad. If there is no draw from the amp, that means no power is reaching the terminals. Remember, it should draw between 15-25 amps (15 amps for a spa thats wired for 110 volts, 25 amps on a spa that has been wired for 220v.)
- Then, test for a short to ground. Measure between one element terminal and the sheath of the element, on the meter’s highest ohm range setting. Any ohms that you get indicates that there is a short and bad element - you should always get an infinite reading on the meter.
Installing a New Element Yourself or Calling an Electrician
At this point, you’ve tested your heating element and indicated that you in fact need a new heat- er. You can either do this yourself or call an electrician. If you feel comfortable doing it yourself, we have put together a video that shows exactly how to replace a hot tub heater! If you have any questions, please give us a call and contact us.Additional questions? Contact Us!